You press the power button for the first time on a new computer. The fans run, the reassuring beeps, and the flush of a monitor – all signals are completed. The feeling of unknown and anticipation is one of the driving forces for computer enthusiasts. Building your own computer is the perfect entry point. You can save money by Building a PC.
Follow The Steps – Building a PC
You should follow the process step by step Building a PC.
Gathering Your Components
At first determine the function of the computer. If you want to build a computer to use in the home or office for word processing and emails, you will have different requirements. You can build a computer for high-end gaming. The role of your computer will dictate the components which you will need.
CPU: This is called the brain of your computer. All the processors are multi-core. They are necessarily multiple processors in one. Compare specs and find a processor having the speed that you will need to run the programs you want. Take into account power usage and ease of cooling.
Motherboard Fits Your Processor: The processor is the brain and the motherboard is the torso. The motherboard connects all of the internal components of your computer. The processor will determine the type of motherboard you will need. Different processors have different socket sizes. Your choice will depend on what processor you have, how much memory you want, the size of your case, and how many drives you want to connect to it.
Make sure that your motherboard supports all of the other components that you want to install. If you are planning on installing a high-end graphics card, the motherboard will need to support the PCI Express interface. If you want to install lots of RAM, your motherboard will need to be able to hold at least 4 sticks.
Sometimes you can get the processor and the motherboard as a combo package.
Find memory (RAM) is compatible with your new motherboard. RAM (Random Access Memory) is where programs store information. If you don’t have enough RAM, your programs will run much slower. The RAM you can purchase is dictated by the motherboard that you choose. The speed of the RAM that you install must be supported by the motherboard.
RAM should always be installed in matching pairs of sticks. All the RAM in the system should be the same speed, and preferably the same make and model.
If you intend to use more than 4 GB of RAM, you will need to install a 64-bit operating system. 32-bit operating systems do not recognize more than 4 GB of RAM, even if more is installed.
Put your games, music and movies on a separate HDD. That way you’ll have a PC that can boot quickly, run quickly and have a lot of space.
Purchase a video card for games and HD movies. A dedicated graphics card is essential for playing the latest games, but not a major issue for an office computer. Intel motherboards have integrated graphics. If you watch a lot of HD video or play a lot of games, you’ll want a dedicated video card.
Pick up a case that is both functional and easy on the eyes. The case is what houses your computer components.
Make sure your power supply can handle the load. The power supply powers all of your components in your computer. The power supply should be powerful enough to charge all of your components.
Research every component you intend to purchase. Read magazines and online consumer review sites for more information.
Open the case. You might want to wear anti-static gloves or some sort of hand protection.
Install the power supply.
Installing The Motherboard
Remove the motherboard from its packaging. Place it on top of its box. You will be adding components to the motherboard before installing it in the case, as it is easier to access the motherboard before installing it.
Remove the processor from its packaging. Observe the missing pins in the processor and match these with the socket on the motherboard. On many processors there will be a little gold arrow in the corner that you can use to orient the processor properly.
Insert the processor in the motherboard. Open the CPU socket and carefully insert the processor (no force needed). If it doesn’t slip right in, or it feels like you have to push, it is probably misaligned. Close the socket and ensure the CPU is secure. Some sockets have small arms while others have complex assemblies to open and close the socket.
Apply good thermal paste to the CPU. Put only a dot of thermal paste on the CPU. Adding too much thermal paste will slow the transfer of heat, making it more difficult to cool the CPU quickly.
Some processors that come with heat sinks do not need thermal paste because the heat sink already has thermal paste applied by the factory. Check the bottom of the heat sink unit before applying paste to the processor.
Attach the heat sink. Most stock coolers attach directly over the processor and clip into the motherboard. Aftermarket heat sinks may have brackets that need to be attached underneath the motherboard.
Install the RAM. Place the RAM in the proper slots by opening the latches and pushing the RAM in until the little handles can lock it into position. Note how the RAM and slots are keyed–line them up so they will fit in properly. When pushing, press both sides of the RAM module with equal force. If RAM sockets have two colors, this may indicate the priority slots in case if you are not using all available slots.
Make sure that you install the RAM in the appropriate matching slots. Check your motherboard’s documentation to ensure that you are installing the RAM in the correct location.
Install the I/O back plate on the back of your case. Removing the existing back plate may take a bit of force. Sometimes they have screws to hold them in place, but most are held in only by friction. Pop it out by pressing on the bracket from the rear side of the case.
Knock out any tabs covering I/O components up on the motherboard’s back plate.
Install the standoffs in the correct positions.
Your case most likely has more holes available than your motherboard supports.
Secure the motherboard. Once the standoffs are installed, place the motherboard in the case and push it up against the I/O back plate. All of the back ports should fit into the holes in the I/O back plate.
Plug in the case connectors. There is typically only one way that these connectors can attach to the motherboard. Don’t try to force anything to fit. Now do the following steps.
- Installing a Graphics Card
- Remove the back panel covers that line up with the PCI-E slot.
- Insert the graphics card.
- Secure the card.
- Install any other PCI cards.
- Adding the Drives
- Remove any front panel covers for the drives you are inserting.
- Remove any front panel covers for the drives you are inserting.
- Insert the optical drives in from the front of the case.
- Install the hard disk.
- Connect the SATA cables.
- Wiring the Computer
- Connect the power supply to the motherboard. The 24-pin connector is the largest connector on the power supply.
- Connect the power supply to the video card
- Connect the power supply to the drives.
- Adjust your wire placement.
- Installing More Fans
- Connect your case fans.
- Install new fans for extra cooling.
Booting It Up
Put the case back together. Cases are designed to maximize air flow.
Plug in your computer. Attach a monitor to the computer, either through the graphics card or through a port on the back of the motherboard plate. Attach a keyboard and mouse to the USB ports in either the front or back of the computer.
Power on Your Computer:
You won’t be able to do much since you don’t have an operating system installed, but you can check to see that all of your fans are working and that the computer completes its POST (Power On Self Test) successfully.
You may have to set your computer to boot from CD or USB first, instead of booting from the hard drive. Enter your BIOS settings when you first start the computer, and then navigate to the Boot menu. Select the appropriate drive that you want to boot from.
Install your operating system. Home-built computers can install either Microsoft Windows or a Linux distribution.
Install Your Drivers:
Take out everything except the power supply, motherboard, RAM, and processor cooler. Turn it off, then plug in your hard drives and verify that it works. Turn it off, then plug in your CD-ROM and ensure that it works. Turn it off, and continue to plug in each additional peripheral until everything is plugged in and working.
If you bought an original equipment manufacturer (OEM) edition of Microsoft Windows and you have a license sticker, you may want to attach the sticker on the side of the PC for future reference when Windows Setup asks for it.
It may be very helpful to request the assistance of a friend who is familiar with building computers. At the very least, ask for their opinions on the parts you plan to use.
Follow the method Easy Way for Building a PC.